How to Fill your Summary Statement (Element 2.1 – part 2)

Author: Bill Toulas

Date: October 10, 2015


Continuing our guide on the filling of the Element 2.1 of the Professional Engineer Summary Statement document, this week we look into the next three indicators and what applicants should focus on. Last week, we described the filling methods for the first three indicators of the particular element, so in the case that you have missed it, go back and read part one first.

d) Partitions problems, processes or systems into manageable elements for the purposes of analysis, modeling or design and then re-combines to form a whole, with the integrity and performance of the overall system as the paramount consideration.

Example: Due to the fact that the milling of the workpiece was performed in multiple stages, I had to set up quality testing checkpoints in five different spots in order to figure out the source of the defective processing. I divided the process into stages to enable thorough investigation.

Example: In order to speed up the production of the metal clips, I divided the processing procedure into four distinct phases (melting, molding, post-processing, painting) that were performed by personnel that was dedicated to specific and narrow-responsibility roles.

e) Conceptualizes alternative engineering approaches and evaluates potential outcomes against appropriate criteria to justify an optimal solution choice.

Example: Based on my calculations, I knew that the electric power generator would be inadequate during rush hours, and so I proposed the installation of an additional solar panel to cover the extra energy demand.

Example: Although manufacturing the glass frames on 3D printers was apparently faster, the time needed for product polishing exceeded the financial benefits by far, and so I proposed the limitation of 3D printers for the production of prototypes only.

f) Critically reviews and applies relevant standards and codes of practice underpinning the engineering discipline and nominated specializations.

Example: The preliminary project scope document suggested the use of quality standards but didn’t mention any particular sets. I decided to follow the guidelines described on the ISO 9001:2015 set as those are internationally accepted.

Example: I chose the safety equipment supplier by conducting impact and material strength tests on the provided helmets, according to the requirements of the ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) F1446-13 guidelines.

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How to Fill your Summary Statement (Element 2.1 – part 1)

Author: Bill Toulas

Date: October 05, 2015


Last week, we finished the first part of the Professional Engineer Summary Statement document, Knowledge and Skill base. Today we take a look at the first element of competency of the second part of the Summary Statement – Engineering Application ability, with our first part on element 2.1: “Application of established engineering methods to complex engineering problem solving.”

While the first section of the Summary Statement concerned the “Knowledge and Skills Base”, the second one is in regards to the “Engineering Application Ability”. This means that applicants will need to match clauses from their three Career Episode documents that describe practical engineering work. As the title of section 2.1 suggests, applicants are expected to highlight the cases where they acted in the context of established engineering methods to solve complex technical problems.

This is a very important competency as problem solving in engineering calls for the utilization of multiple principles, and a wide spectrum of specialized knowledge in practical engineering. This is perfectly reflected by the relatively large number of different indicators that correspond to this element of competency. On this first part, we will analyze and provide examples for the first three indicators of attainment.

a.) Identifies, discerns and characterizes salient issues, determines and analyzes causes and effects, justifies and applies appropriate simplifying assumptions, predicts performance and behavior, synthesizes solution strategies and develops substantiated conclusions.

Example: I investigated the tank overflow problem by conducting chemical analysis of the contained liquid. This revealed water contamination which led my investigation to the water pump that was the source of the problem.

Example: I predicted that the installation of three additional milling machines would require 24% more electric power from the grid. Thus, I proposed the installation of a 200 KiloWatt generator.

Example: I instructed four technicians to take position in different points of the line and measure the output voltage. This way, I was able to find out if the drop was because of the Ferranti effect, or due to a technical problem.

b.) Ensures that all aspects of an engineering activity are soundly based on fundamental principles – by diagnosing, and taking appropriate action with data, calculations, results, proposals, processes, practices and documented information that may be ill-founded, illogical, erroneous, unreliable or unrealistic.

Example: I ensured that the power system was working according to the specifications by comparing the critical operation data with the values indicated by “load to power” tables found in the manufacturer’s manual.

Example: The supplier didn’t have available replacement gears for the product conveyor belts, so I designed an alternative gear arrangement by calculating the required module, teeth number and height, pitch diameter, and pressure angles.

c.) Competently addresses engineering problems involving uncertainty, ambiguity, imprecise information and wide-ranging and sometimes conflicting technical and non-technical factors.

Example: While the specifications of the proposed electric generator indicated that it would cover the plant’s power needs, wherever the same model was implemented there were frequent power outages. I run a power system simulation on ETAP and located reliability issues caused by unequal load flow.

Example: Submerging the temperature sensors in the oil tank resulted in greatly deviating values. As I didn’t have a third sensor to test and determine which one was defective, I put both inside a jar containing hydrogen, and used a spectrometer to find out the correct temperature.

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How to fill your Summary Statement (Element 1.6)

Author: Bill Toulas

Date: September 19, 2015


This week, we complete the first of the three parts of the (Professional Engineer) Summary Statement document for the Engineers Australia Migration Skill Assessment, with the sixth element of competency.

Section 1.6: “Understanding the scope principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of contemporary engineering practice in the engineering discipline.”

As always, let’s analyze the title of this section first so that we know what we need to focus on for this part. The sixth section calls for the highlighting of the applicant’s understanding around standards, norms, code sets, and globally established engineering methods of practice in the engineering discipline. To remind, engineering disciplines are: Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering etc.

What this means is that the applicant has to demonstrate the knowledge of engineering standards that are applicable in several different aspects of a project such as work safety, environmental protection, legislative requirements and limitations, engineering design methodology and common practice. The applicant must also showcase basic project management activities, as well as the capacity to manage resources effectively.

There are six indicators that can be referred to fill the sixth element and those are:

a.) Applies systematic principles of engineering design relevant to the engineering discipline.

Example: I performed the embodiment design before proceeding to detailed drawings to determine if the draft concept was efficient enough.

Example: I used different design layers for the HVAC and the electric circuitry network in AutoCAD. This helped the printing of independent schematics for their distribution to different teams of technicians.

b.) Appreciates the basis and relevance of standards and codes of practice, as well as legislative and statutory requirements applicable to the engineering discipline.

Example: For the design of the new communications antenna, I considered the suggested specifications provided by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 145-2013 standards.

Example: I designed and commissioned the new turning machine production line in full accordance with the ISO (International Standards Organization) 23125:2015 standards.

c.) Appreciates the principles of safety engineering, risk management and the health and safety responsibilities of the professional engineer, including legislative requirements applicable to the engineering discipline.

Example: During the project works, I ensured that all procedures respected the limitations set by the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) international regulations.

Example: As the hauling trucks were old and didn’t feature any protective equipment, I designed, manufactured and installed steel rollover bars to protect the drivers in case of a road accident.

d.) Appreciates the social, environmental and economic principles of sustainable engineering practice.

Example: I designed a filtering system that purified the toxic air that was generated during the plastic molding stage, so it could be deposited into the environment without the company having to pay the environmental encumbrance fees.

Example: I modified the piping system in such a way that the previously discharged hot water from the production line would be re-circulated once more through the offices, thus lowering the heating costs for the company.

e.) Understands the fundamental principles of engineering project management as a basis for planning, organizing and managing resources.

Example: During our meetings, I distributed work tasks equally to all participants. This helped finish the project in time.

Example: I used Microsoft Primavera to plan the project activities and develop the most efficient schedule based on the available resources.

f.) Appreciates the formal structures and methodologies of systems engineering as a holistic basis for managing complexity and sustainability in engineering practice.

I followed engineering design change methodology in all of my projects, to manage work efficiently and keep track for future reference.

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How to fill your Summary Statement (Element 1.5)

Author: Bill Toulas

Date: September 14, 2015


Welcome to the fifth part of our set of tutorials on the filling of the (Professional Engineer) Summary Statement document for Engineers Australia Migration Skill Assessment. Today we will talk about the fifth element of the document.

Section 1.5: “Knowledge of contextual factors impacting the engineering discipline.”

Before we start describing the individual indicators of attainment for this element, let’s try to “decode” its title first. The “contextual factors” are all of those things that are coherent or relevant to the engineering discipline. Engineering disciplines are: Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering etc.

So, applicants can think of it this way: a contextual factor for Electrical Engineering could be a set of safety precautions relating to electricity hazard prevention. A contextual factor for Civil Engineering could be the national earthquake regulations, choice of suitable technicians to work on raised platforms, or even the accounting of weather conditions during the mixture of cement.

There are five indicators that can be used to fill the fifth element and those are:

a.) Identifies and understands the interactions between engineering systems and people in the social, cultural, environmental, commercial, legal and political contexts in which they operate, including both the positive role of engineering in sustainable development and the potentially adverse impacts of engineering activity in the engineering discipline.

Example on “cultural” context: To develop a shift plan of maximum efficiency for my project, I took into account the praying time intervals for Muslim workers.

Example on “environmental” context: To achieve a minimum disposal of polluting heavy metals into the ground of the site, I subjected the effluent water to an electrowinning / precipitation (CEP) process.

Example on “legal” context: I visited the Urban Planning office to get informed about the legislative requirements that I had to respect in my designs.

b.) Is aware of the founding principles of human factors relevant to the engineering

Example: I designed the monitor and control panel interface to be ergonomic, in order to minimize errors. I also placed the screen at the median eye-sight height of the four operators.

Example: For the design of the new production line, I took into account the good in-work environment climate and adequate air-flow, ensured intense lighting in all areas, and provisioned the placement of noise stoppers and vibration absorbers around the machines. This secured a pleasant working environment for the workers.

c.) Is aware of the fundamentals of business and enterprise management.

Example: I planned the project schedule, organized the execution of all tasks, coordinated employees, and controlled the outflow of the project’s financial resources.

d.) Identifies the structure, roles and capabilities of the engineering workforce.

Example: I asked the workers to fill in a form about fear of heights and use of medication before I selected the scaffolding technicians.

e.) Appreciates the issues associated with international engineering practice and global
operating contexts.

Example: Knowing that my reports and technical manuals could be widely used to help technicians that use the equipment around the globe, I decided to write them in English.

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How to fill your Summary Statement (Element 1.4)

Author: Bill Toulas

Date: September 05, 2015


Continuing our set of tutorials on the filling of the (Professional Engineer) Summary Statement document for Engineers Australia Migration Skill Assessment, today we take a look at the forth part of the first section.

Section 1.4: “Discernment of knowledge development and research directions within the engineering discipline.”

In the fourth element of the first section of the Summary Statement document, applicants have to focus on experience examples that highlight their close attention to the latest developments in their engineering discipline and practice domain, as well as the ability to search, identify, select and utilize technical literature and/or other specialized informative sources.

There are two indicators that need to be filled on this element and those are:

a) Identifies and critically appraises current developments, advanced technologies, emerging issues and interdisciplinary linkages in at least one specialist practice domain of the engineering discipline.

b.) Interprets and applies selected research literature to inform engineering application in at least one specialist domain of the engineering discipline.

The first indicator could be filled with examples of the applicant identifying pioneering solutions through research, learning about specific modern techniques and work methods that are at least tentatively proved to be successful in the real-world industry or in the lab environment, and finally identify theoretical and practical connection and/or interrelation between two or more engineering disciplines.

The second indicator concerns the applicants’ research activities and so its focused around information evaluation, research methodology, systematic utilization of selected technical literature, engineering books, operator’s manuals, and manufacturer’s handbooks.

Some examples that can be used on this part of the Summary Statement are found below:

1.) I was a subscriber of the “Modern Engineer” magazine, and so I remained informed about the latest developments in my field of profession.

2.) I leveraged the company’s library and used technical books that contained mathematical formulas that I needed for the design of my systems.

3.) I learned about innovative methodologies for the installation of pumping systems, challenging established practice methods in the field with beneficial end results.

4.) I regularly visited my University’s library to search for relevant scholar material and took notes of my findings for further research in future sessions.

5.) I used the internet in a daily basis to get updated about the most pioneering solutions applied in problems similar to those I was facing during my projects.

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